Wetlands

Aerial view of the wetland site prior to any construction
An aerial view of the wetland site prior to any construction, looking southwest.

What it is:

A marshy area with saturated soils and water-loving plants. Natural wetlands— swamps, bogs, sloughs, potholes and marshes—vary in size, shape and type. A wetland may have standing water year-round or may hold surface water for only part of the year. Through NRCS assistance, wetlands can be created, enhanced or restored. In most cases the land must be suitable for wetland and wildlife benefits.

Wetland site during excavation work
The wetland site during excavation work.

How it helps:

  • Provide habitat for pollinators, fish and wildlife, including threatened and endangered species.
  • Improve water quality by filtering sediments and chemicals.
  • Reduce soil erosion and downstream flooding.
  • Recharge groundwater supplies.
  • Protect biological diversity.
  • Provide opportunities for educational, scientific and recreational opportunities.
  • Generate farm income through programs that offer financial incentives for restoring wetlands.
Wetland site after excavation work has been completed
The wetland site after excavation work has been completed.

Planning ahead:

  • Are the soils, hydrology, vegetative conditions, and adjacent landscape conducive to wetlands?
  • Will there be any adverse effects on adjacent landowners?
  • What type of vegetation do you want in your wetland?
  • What wildlife do you want to attract to your wetland?
  • Consider providing vegetation, such as milkweed, to encourage pollinators.
Wetland site with vegetation beginning to grow in the pool areas and on the dikes
The wetland site with vegetation beginning to grow in the pool areas and on the dikes.

Maintenance:

Maintenance of wetlands consists of:

  • Repair of embankments.
  • Control density of desirable vegetation.
  • Removal of invasive and/or nonnative species that could be a problem in native habitats.
  • Debris and sediment removal.
  • Repair of fences or other ancillary features.
  • Replacement of wetland plants.
  • Repair of pipelines and spillways.
  • Control of unwanted rodents or vectors (mosquitoes).

Field Day with Jordan

Ohio Farm Bureau's Director of Water Quality and Research Jordan Hoewischer hosts conversations with experts and leaders who are helping to shape and secure the future of Ohio's ag industry for generations to come.